It is a fact that no country progresses without the full participation of women in public matters.  Most of the features linked with the development such as raising productivity, growing personal freedom and mobility, and innovation, require increased participation of women. When we talk about Pakistan, it can be seen that Pakistan stands near the bottom of female’s participation in the workforce.  There is huge gender discrimination almost in all the aspects whether it is education or it is a job opportunity. And this is the root cause that why Pakistan is facing demographic and economic constraints. One study of thesis writing service in Pakistan shows that women’s participation rate in Pakistan has almost doubled in the last 28 years but this pace is quite slow and immediate measures should be taken by the higher authorities to fill this gap to achieve goals.
 

Let’s discuss some of the important points about women’s employment in Pakistan.

INCREASE ACCESS TO EDUCATION

Access to education must be provided to women in Pakistan. It is a bitter reality that half of the Pakistani women have not attended school. According to the one study of thesis writing service only 10 percent of women study up to post-secondary education. No proper education of women is a basic cause of unemployment among them. Though women constitute 49% of Pakistan’s population, they constitute only 24% of the labor force. The Employment-to-Population Ratio (EPR) is 20% for female workers and 64% for male workers.

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REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH SERVICES

Pakistan also could not meet the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) target of reducing maternal mortality ratio to 150. The government must take steps against early marriages and must invest in changing the attitudes of parents and society towards this practice. This will permit girls to have more educational years and have better reproductive health results. Improved reproductive health services must be provided to women so that they can have healthier lives and they can find better economic opportunities.

UNPAID CARE WORK AND THE INFORMAL ECONOMY

Women are 10 times more engaged in household works, children and elderly care as compare to men. Due to this women become poorer as they do no find enough time in gaining skills and getting jobs.
Our social norms also do not encourage women’s participation in economic activities outside their homes and this pushes them either to fall back in the informal sector and rely only upon low skilled or unskilled jobs or simply not involved in the extensive economy. If the home-based and domestic workers’ laws are implemented in an effective manner then the informal economy issues related to extremely low wages and lack of access to social security can be addressed.

MAKE PUBLIC SPACE SAFE

It is the responsibility of government and organizations that they make public areas and work environments safe for women. For women encouragement, it is necessary that laws on sexual harassment and violence against women must be implanted properly so that women can participate in economic activities outside their homes.
Awareness campaigns are much needed in these situations to change the social norms that spread gender-based violence both at homes and outside. The government and other authorities must work for harassment-free transport so that women can access to their job locations easily.

ENABLING ENVIRONMENT FOR WOMEN-OWNED BUSINESSES

Globally we can see that women-owned businesses hire more women. But in Pakistan, we cannot see this trend because women face a lot of restrictions in terms of finance and permission when they decide to run their own business. According to the one study of assignment writing service, Pakistan has only one percent of women entrepreneurs due to these limitations. It is very important for Pakistanis to encourage their women for entrepreneurship if they want to put their country in the direction of growth and prosperity.

AVAILABILITY OF GENDER-FRIENDLY SERVICES AT WORKPLACES

Unavailability of gender-friendly services at workplaces is one of the major reasons why women avoid working outside their homes. Basic facilities such as separate washrooms, effective anti-sexual harassment mechanisms, and residential facilities must be provided by the public and private sector for women’s increased participation. If women are entertained with such kinds of facilities, they will surely show their willingness towards working at their workplaces.

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CONCLUSION

Pakistan cannot meet its development target without the participation of women in the public and private sectors. Women make almost half of Pakistan’s population and without their support, we cannot move forward. This gender gap must be eliminated if we want to see our women and country strong. Most of the working women are engaged with informal sectors and working at very low wages which is not acceptable at any cost. The major issue is that laws have been made for women’s right but they are not implemented. The government and courts must look into this matter seriously so that women can work in an environment where they feel protected and safe.

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